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Pinnacle Point Homo sapien fossils

View on map:34.207780°S 22.089440°E


Evidence is beginning to accumulate that suggests that Homo sapiens evolved in Africa within isolated "ecological islands" in several places particularly along the sea where they developed complex tools. The isolation was caused  by the development of arid conditions throughout most  of Africa related to glaciation beginning about 200,000 years ago.  The sites here also show that humans ate seafood like shell fish and used the shells as necklaces.  There is also evidence that humans used ochre as body painting.  It is clear that symbolic behavior among  humans dates back to at least 70,000 years ago from the remains here.


Pinnacle Point is a small promontory immediately south of Mossel Bay, a town on the southern coast of South Africa. Excavations since the year 2000 of a series of caves at Pinnacle Point have revealed occupation by Middle Stone Age people between 170,000 and 40,000 years ago. The focus of excavations has been at Cave 13B (PP13B), where the earliest evidence for the systematic exploitation of marine resources (shellfish) and symbolic behavior has been documented, and at Pinnacle Point Cave 5-6 (PP5–6), where the oldest evidence for the heat treatment of rock to make stone tools has been documented.[2] The only human remains have been recovered from younger deposits at PP13B which are ≈100,000 years old.[3]


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